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Tax Breaks When You’re Out of Work

March 15, 2016  |   Tax Advice,Tax Tips   |   Tags: , , , , ,  

There are advantages and disadvantages to taxes when you’re unemployed. You do not earn an income on which you must pay taxes, but your unemployment compensation is very much taxable. If you receive income from other sources such as rent, dividends, interest, etc. then you’ll need to figure out if your total income is above your filing threshold.

Tax Breaks For The UnemployedOn the bright side, there are refundable tax credits such as the Earned Income Tax Credit that can allow you to receive a tax refund even with zero tax liability. Yahoo Finance shares the tax breaks and adjustments you can use when you are out of work:

“Pay taxes on unemployment

“First, the bad news. Unemployment compensation is taxable income.
“You’ll get a Form 1099-G that will tell you how much unemployment you must report on that year’s tax return. If you opted not to have taxes withheld from unemployment payments or didn’t make estimated tax payments on the amount, you’ll likely owe the IRS.
“Married couples have another option. If your spouse has a job, cover the unemployment taxes by having your husband or wife adjust his or her withholding to cover the taxes due on your benefits.

“Check EITC eligibility

“The earned income tax credit, or EITC, is a tax break for workers who don’t make very much money. Because your overall earnings were reduced by your layoff, you now may be eligible for the EITC.
“Unemployment benefits don’t count toward EITC eligibility, but if you earned any other income during the year, you can use that amount to calculate a possible credit claim. Also, if you are married and your spouse is working, your loss of income may now make your combined earnings eligible for the credit.
“Single taxpayers can claim the EITC, but the benefit is greater for workers with dependent children.

“Incomes that qualify for EITC for the 2015 tax year

  • Earnings of less than $47,747 ($53,267 if married filing jointly) in households with 3 or more children.
  • Earnings of less than $44,454 ($49,974 if married filing jointly) in households with 2 children.
  • Earnings of less than $39,131 ($44,651 if married filing jointly) in households with 1 child.
  • Earnings of less than $14,820 ($20,330 if married filing jointly) in households with no children.
    “This tax credit also is refundable. This means if you don’t owe any taxes, you’ll be able to get a refund of the excess EITC amount.

“Tap retirement accounts early

“In dire situations, you might be tempted to cash out a retirement plan. If you do, be prepared to pay a 10% early withdrawal penalty if you are not yet age 59 ½ and you take money out of a traditional IRA. The penalty also applies if you are younger than 55 and take a 401(k) distribution.

“The penalty is waived, however, if you use your IRA money to pay for unreimbursed medical expenses that total more than 10% of your income in 2015. Workers who receive unemployment compensation for 12 consecutive weeks can also use money from an IRA, but not a 401(k), to pay for medical insurance.

“A hardship withdrawal from a workplace retirement plan is allowed penalty-free if, according to the IRS, the distribution is for ‘an immediate and heavy financial need.’ This includes such things as medical expenses, certain educational expenses and payments necessary to prevent eviction from, or foreclosure on, your home.

“Remember, however, that even if you’re able to avoid an early distribution penalty, you’ll still owe taxes on the amounts withdrawn from these retirement accounts unless you withdrew contributions from a Roth.

“Look for a job

“Hang on to all your job-search receipts. Expenses for such things as employment and outplacement agency fees, resume services and job-hunting travel, both in-town and out-of-town trips, can be deducted.

“There are, however, limits to job-hunt tax breaks.

“You must itemize to claim job-search expenses. These costs are miscellaneous deductions, meaning they and other eligible miscellaneous expenses must amount to more than 2% of your adjusted gross income before you can claim them. And your job-hunt expenses must be toward employment in your current professional field.”